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22ND REGIMENT OF VIRGINIA CAVALRY, CSA

HOME | LURTY'S ROANOKE HORSE ARTILLERY | THE BURNING OF CHAMBERSBURG | LETTER CONCERNING HIRAM ROBBINS' CAPTURE | WHERE THE MEN OF THE 22ND CAME FROM | 22ND VA CAVALRY ROSTER, 1862-1865 | A HISTORY OF THE 22ND VA CAVALRY | REGIMENTAL STATISTICS | BIBLIOGRAPHY | MEN OF THE 22ND | FLAGS OF THE 22ND | COMPILED SERVICE RECORDS OF THE 22ND VA CAV. 1862-1865 | THE MUSIC

WHERE THE MEN OF THE 22ND CAME FROM

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The 22ND Virginia Cavalry was made up of mountaineers from the highlands of Southwest Virginia.

 
The following are the counties which provided men to the regiment.
 

Company A - Captain Abram Fuller's Company (Formerly Captain Henry F. Kendrick's Company, and Company B, Baldwin's Squadron). This company was formed by a division of Baldwin's Squadron before February 1, 1863. Some men had enlisted as early as August 4, 1862. Men from this company were from Scott, Washington and Russell Counties.

Company B - Captain Gordon W. Rife's Company (Previously Company F(2), 21st Battalion, Infantry and for a short time Company F(1),64th Virginia Mounted Infantry. This company was formed, at an undetermined date, primarily from residents of Buchanan County. Gordon Rife previously served in the 34th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, and was ostensibly detailed to gather deserters from that unit when he organized this company. Several men who served under Rife were deserters from the 34th, and its enigmatic leader, Vincent A. Witcher.

Company C - Captain John C. Stanfield's Company was organized on August 13, 1863 in Washington County. Captain Stanfield previously served in Baldwin's Squadron. This company was formed largely from men from Washington County.

Company D - Captain Martin Ball's Company, was organized May 1, 1863,from members of the mounted company of the 2nd Virginia State  Line. The company also included some men who formerly served in the 37th Virginia Infantry. Ball had served in the Virginia State Line as a Major and many members of this company may have served there as well. Russell County was the primary source of manpower for Company D.

Company E - Captain Reese M. Baldwin's Company (originally Captain William M. Baldwin's Company) formerly served in Baldwin's Squadron Virginia Cavalry or Partisan Rangers. The original company was mustered into Confederate service on August 4, 1862 from Washington and Russell Counties.

Company F - Captain William Washington Brown's Company. This company was organized by August 8, 1863 from Tazewell County men.

Company G - Captain William O. Moore's Company was organized August 1, 1863, primarily from residents of Wythe County, with significant numbers from Carroll, Grayson, and other surrounding counties.

Company H - Captain Balaam W. Higginbotham's Company, formed by former members of the 188th (Tazewell County) Militia, in which Higginbotham was a captain. The date of organization of this company was August 15, 1863. Most members of this company were residents of Tazewell County, Virginia. Some were from Smyth County.

Company I - Captain William P. Samples Company was organized August 15, 1863. Russell and Tazewell Counties furnished nearly equal numbers to this organization. The total strength known for this company indicate that the records for this company are far from complete.

Company K - Captain Miles Apperson Francis' Company was organized August 1, 1863 from residents of Russell and Montgomery Counties.

The men of the 22nd also came from the southernmost counties of West Virginia. Stragglers from all over the Confederacy were enlisted as well.

Virginia map showing the regiment's companies, and the counties, shaded in  cavalry yellow, which provided men to the 22ND Virginia Cavalry. Also shown are the counties of southern West Virginia which provided men to the regiment.

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